If you’re a quad lover, this is a guide to choosing the right weight for your ATV. The first thing to know is two weight metrics consider that weight. First is the dry weight. The dry weight of an ATV is its weight without any fluids, cargo, or passengers.
There is also the curb weight or wet weight. The curb weight is the weight with all machine fluids in their right containers e.g. engine oil, transmission fluid, brake fluids, and gasoline at the recommended tank capacity. With these definitions established, a standard adult ATV can weigh between 220 to 1170 pounds dry weight.
The average ATV weight is about 500 pounds. The weight of an ATV determines how suitable it will be for different purposes. If you favor speed and agility, then a sleeker, lighter ATV will be a better option to allow for easy navigation and maneuver. If the ATV is to be used for hauling heavy items, then a heavier ATV better suited for stability will be the better fit for that purpose.
The weight also factors in for terrains with a steep incline or a thrill-seeker who needs to lift off the front tires. With the dangers associated with using an ATV, the weight makes a huge difference in the case of a fall. The difference between 300 pounds and 500 pounds will matter greatly.
However, the engine’s weight is the biggest factor that accounts for the weight of an ATV. With that in mind, let’s dive into the different weight categories by engine capacity and stand out ATVs in each category.
1. Honda TRX 250cc Capacity – 360 Pounds
The average weight of a 250cc capacity engine is 410 pounds. In this category, you’ll find the Honda TRX 250EX. It weighs 360 pounds. The Yamaha YFZ 450, weighing 350 pounds, is also a 250cc ATV. Most ATVs lighter than this are usually children ATVs. The specification for the Honda TRX 250Ex are
- Length: 5.71 feet
- Width: 41.8 inches
- Weight: 360lbs o
- Fuel Capacity: 2.7 gallons
2. Yamaha Raptor 350cc Capacity – 396 Pounds
The average weight of this category is 490 pounds. The Yamaha Raptor 350 is one of the lightest in this category weighing 375 pounds, and the Arctic Cat 350, weighing 588 pounds clocks in as one of the heaviest.
- Length: 5.81 feet
- Width: 43.1 inches
- Wet Weight: 396 lbs
- Fuel Capacity: 2.4 gallons
3. Arctic Cat 400cc Capacity – 372 Pounds
The average weight for a 400cc capacity ATV is 495 pounds. In this category, a sharp contrast becomes obvious between the sports models and utility models. The lightest is the Arctic Cat Sport DVX 400 which weighs 372 pounds and the heaviest, also from Arctic Cat, is the 400 4 X 4 Auto weighing 645 pounds.
- Length: 6 feet
- Width: 45.9 inches
- Dry Weight: 372 lbs
- Fuel Capacity: 2.6 gallons
4. Polaris 450cc Capacity – 701 Pounds
For the 450cc capacity ATV, the average weight comes in at about 520 pounds. However, the sports models are lighter and average at less than 400 pounds. The Yamaha YFZ 450, weighing 400 pounds, is the lightest of the sports model. The utility models average at about 500-700 pounds and the Polaris Sportsman 450, weighing 696 pounds is the heaviest on record.
- Length: 6.92 Feet
- Width: 48inches
- Dry weight: 701 pounds
- Fuel Capacity: 4.5 gallons
5. Polaris 500cc Capacity – 415 Pounds
As we enter into the 500cc capacity range, the Polaris brand takes over the scene. The heaviest noted clocking in at about 791 pounds is the Polaris Sportsman 500 X2 EFI. The lightest is the Polaris Predator 500 weighing 405 pounds. On average, the 500cc capacity ATV is 630 pounds.
- Length: 5.96 Feet
- Width: 47.5 inches
- Dry Weight: 415 Lbs
- Fuel Capacity: 3.3 gallons
6. Arctic 650cc Capacity – 635 Pounds
The heaviest 650cc capacity ATV is the Arctic Cat H1 TRV Plus. It weighs a sizable 724 pounds while the Bombardier DS 650X, the lightest in this category, clocked in impressively light at just 494 pounds. On average, the weight of the 650cc capacity engine is 635 pounds.
- Length: 7.75 feet
- Width: 47 inches
- Dry Weight: 721 lbs
- Fuel Capacity: 5.5 gallons
7. Yamaha 700cc Capacity – 822 Pounds
The 2019 Yamaha Raptor 700R coming in at 396 pounds is an impressively light ATV for a 700cc capacity ATV. It makes for the biggest difference in weight for any category. The Arctic Cat 700 Diesel weighing a whopping 809 pounds clocks in as the heaviest for this category. This makes for a skewed average weight of 645 pounds. However, the 700cc capacity engine can weigh in at 500 pounds, 600pounds, and 700 pounds. Different brands for different models have a wide range of offers.
- Length: 7.75 Feet
- Width: 47.5 inches
- Claimed Dry Weight: 822 pounds
- Fuel Capacity: 5.3 gallons
8. Polaris Sportsman 800cc Capacity – 829 Pounds
At 800cc we move into really big ATVs. Most ATVs of this capacity are in the 700-pound range. The heaviest is the Polaris Sportsman 800 X2 EFI weighing 839 pounds, and weighing 597 pounds, is the Bombardier Renegade 800, the only 800cc capacity ATV coming in under 600 pounds. The average for this category is 715 pounds.
- Length: 93 inches
- Width: 48 inches
- Dry Weight: 829 Lbs
- Fuel Capacity: 6 gallons
9. Arctic Cat 1000cc Capacity – 772 Pounds
At 1000cc capacity, we get to the heaviest category. These ATVs are the heaviest and the most powerful out there. It would not be nice having any of these machines land on you. With an average of 840 pounds, serious considerations must be weighed in purchasing one of these. The Arctic Cat 1000XT is the lightest at 772 pounds. It is quite fitting of the Polaris brand that the heaviest is its Sportsman XO 1000 weighing 927 pounds.
- Length: 7.07 feet
- Width: 47.5 inches
- Dry Weight: 772lbs
- Fuel Capacity: 5.7 gallons
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How much weight can an ATV tow?
A full-size ATV can tow between 500 lb to 1650 lb. However, in wet or muddy terrain, it is best to go lower than the rated towing capacity.
Q: What size cc ATV do I need?
For use around a family property and on easy trails, anything under 550cc will do just fine. However, for hauling heavy-duty items or for navigating more treacherous terrain, or steep terrain, it is best to use between 500cc – 700cc capacity ATV.
Q: What is a good ATV for a beginner?
The Honda TRX 250 makes a very good ride for a beginner.
Q: Do I need riding boots for an ATV?
With the possibility that some muddy terrain might be encountered, riding boots with sturdy soles and cleats is recommended.
Choosing the right weight for your ATV is an important consideration to make. The weight will factor into how you can use and what you can use it for. It also helps with understanding the fuel consumption and the need requirements if it needs to be towed.