One of the essential aspects of your vehicle is your brake calipers. These components are in place to ensure your vehicles’ safety. Essentially, the brake calipers help to facilitate braking and ensure your vehicle comes to a stop in good time. As a direct contact part of the vehicle, brake calipers clamp down on your car’s rotor to brake the car without any delay.
Brake Caliper Replacement can cost $300-$400. After all, braking should be efficient and responsive to reduce the impact of injuries in the event of an accident. Besides, driving can only be safe if the vehicle brake is reliable and in great condition. However, the brake calipers can develop fault and damage. Understanding how the calipers function is critical to prevent them from becoming faulty. A car owner or driver should also have tips about what to do to maintain brake calipers.
In this article, we will be looking at what the brake caliper is about, how it functions, and what to replace the brake caliper in the event it gets bad and fails to work. We’ll also give tips and details on the replacement cost of this component. If you’re a lover of the DIY option, we’ll be looking into how to replace your brake calipers.
What is the Brake Caliper?
You can simply say that your brake caliper is the aspect of your vehicle that makes it stop. It is an aspect of your vehicle’s brake system that is very instrumental to the overall efficiency of your brake. It functions as a safety measure that ensures your safety while driving, giving you the ability to stop whenever you want.
Every car model comes with a disc brake. Manufacturers can install this caliper in the front; while in others, they mount the disc brake in the rear. The brake caliper forms an integral part of the disc brake.
The number of rotors your car model comes with and the position of the rotors will determine whether your car will have 2 or 4 calipers. They are two calipers if the car features two rotors and four if it comes with four rotors in the rear and front.
Cost of Replacing Brake Caliper
The cost of replacing the brake caliper is partly dependent on the type of car. It doesn’t mean that you can’t keep a price in mind before you plan to enlist the services of your mechanic. Having an idea of the price will keep your mind prepared financially if a brake caliper problem arises. The overall cost of replacing your brake caliper, including labor, should be between $300 and $400 on every average vehicle.
How Does It Work?
The brake calipers push the brake pads onto the surface of the brake rotor to slow your vehicle down or stop it eventually. On top of the clamp-shaped rotors are the brake calipers located.
The piston inside the brake caliper receives the brake fluid that flows from inside the master cylinder when you press the brake lever. The purpose of the fluid is to supply pressure on the piston. The process of braking your car occurs when the caliper clamps down on the rotor, forcing the brake pads to act against the rotors.
The caliper consists of dual metal plates that serve as brake pads, fitted at the inside and outside of your vehicle. If you stop your car, the process of matching down on your brakes is what creates brake fluids inside the master cylinder that, in turn, exerts pressure on the piston situated in the brake caliper. It causes the brake pads to squeeze onto the vehicle’s rotor.
How to Replace Brake Caliper?
The calipers can become rusty and contaminated. Once this happens, the brake fluid will start to leak, causing the brake calipers to malfunction and absorb much heat. The heat coming from the braking system can destroy the seals located in the calipers. It can weaken it, causing it to underperform. At this point, what you need is to replace the brake calipers.
Here is a step-by-step guide on how to replace your car’s brake calipers once it becomes contaminated and weak.
- We will look at the essential tips on how to replace your brake calipers.
- Park your vehicle and jack it up using your wheel chocks and axle stands. After this, you can remove the wheels of your car.
- Look for the carrier bolted to the wheel hub. Since you’re replacing your brake calipers, these can remain the way they are; however, should you also decide to replace your brake discs; you should remove the carrier.
- Two Allen-headed bolts hold the calipers. These bolts also hold sliding pins together with the caliper.
- Take out the Allen bolts and use a pry bar to remove the caliper from the brake pads.
- Pull the brake pads out.
- Remove the brake line from the caliper.
- Fit the new caliper into the brake pad and hold with the pins.
- Bolt the caliper back.
- Turn the hub to position the caliper well on the disc.
- Bleed the calipers of air.
- Secure the bolts in place.
- Pump the pedals of the brake to ensure the disc contacts the brake pad.
- Test run your vehicle.
What Happens if You Have Contaminated Brake Calipers?
The effects of a broken caliper are quite problematic if you don’t take any action quickly. Brake calipers might seem inexpensive, but they are an essential part of the safety features of your vehicle. When these brake calipers are not working, they become less effective.
Broken brake calipers wear your vehicle’s transmission system faster than usual. It is something that you wouldn’t want because your vehicle’s transmission system is an essential aspect of your vehicle; it is also the most expensive vehicle aspect.
To suspect that your brake caliper is weak and malfunction, the following symptoms often pop up:
- Leaking brake fluid
- Abnormal squeaking brake noise
- Car pulling right or left during braking
- Spongy braking
The idea behind installing brake calipers is to ensure your safety when driving; you should take note of a faulty brake caliper as this might hinder your vehicle’s ability to stop when necessary. Don’t forget to carry out a brake flush to ensure the entire braking system is in good condition before you drive your car.