What Are Bump Stops?

Bump Stops

Most drivers might be experts on the wheels or be able to explain why white smoke comes out of their exhaust, but only a few know how the suspension system of their vehicle functions. The suspension system consists of the various aspects that work together to make you have a smooth ride.

It is this system that ensures the stability of your vehicle’s tires; plus, it gives your vehicle the desired balance to better sync with the ground. In the suspension system, the most crucial component that many people find difficult to understand is the bump stop. 

What are bump stops? And how important are they? If you don’t have much information about the critical aspect of your vehicle, this article will offer many tips about bump stops.

What Are Bump Stops?

Bump stops are an extension auto that manufacturers integrate into your vehicle’s suspension system. They act are like an extra shock absorber that ensures the metal aspects of the suspension don’t touch themselves. Essentially, the bump stops limit the upward advancement of your vehicle’s axle. They are in place to support the shock absorber, which makes the suspension system stable and efficient.

How Does a Bump Stop Work?

If you’re moving on rocky terrain and your vehicle keeps absorbing a series of hits, your suspension system is at the risk. When this happens, you can experience great discomfort. 

The worst-case scenario, your vehicle may damage if the axle and suspension get to their elastic limit. Bump stops are the perfect defense against such extensive damages to your suspension system. 

Whenever your driving gets bumpy due to rocky terrains, the bump stop will keep hitting the rocks and bumps. 

Why You Need a Bump Stop?

Bump stops are essential components of a vehicle, especially for car owners and drivers who want to enjoy their journey. Their presence in the car has great advantages; similarly, if a bump stop is missing or damaged in the car, the effect is unbearable.  

  • Protection from Tough Terrains

The real essence of a Bump stop is to make your driving experience a nice one. When you find yourself driving across rocky terrains, the bump stops keep you comfortable; it doesn’t matter how tough the terrains are. 

If you’re the type who mainly drives on streets and highways, which are usually smooth, you might not see bump stops as a necessary addition to your vehicle. However, once you leave the smoothly paved roads, there’s a probability you might encounter rough terrain. This can result in the bottoming of your car’s suspension system.

  • Protection from Shocks

If you’re a driver that drives off-road, you’ll understand what I mean. When you’re going off-road, there’s every possibility that the rough terrains will throw your vehicle up, causing it to land harshly. 

When you’ve got the right suspension extension in the form of a Bump stop, you can rest assured knowing that with every rough landing your vehicle takes, the bump stops will protect it from all shocks. 

  • Better Control

The goal of every professional driver is to be in control, and nothing gives you better control like the bump stop, especially in the case when you’re moving at top speed. There will surely be an impact on your vehicle’s suspension when you’re moving at full speed off-road; however, the bump stop doesn’t only protect against shocks; it also enables the driver to stay in control of the vehicle. 

  • Damper Ability

Continuous bump stops can serve as a damper that creates smooth movement towards complete compression.

How to Choose the Right Bump For Your Vehicle?

There is a range of factors you must consider when choosing the bump stop for your vehicle. From the material to its location in the vehicle, bump stops are a critical defense component for your vehicle. 

  • Materials of Build

Depending on the need, bump stops can be made from a range of materials. They can come from rubber, microcellular foam, or polyurethane. Each of the materials has its pros.

For a more durable bump stop, many auto manufacturers opt for polyurethane material. Polyurethane material can be injection-molded. However, aftermarket manufacturers prefer the use of polyurethane. Foam rubber is suitable for its ability to absorb impacts. Besides, foam rubber is known for its hardening ability as it compresses.  

  • Placement in the Vehicle 

Apart from the material, the placement of bump stops also differs from vehicle to vehicle. This is based on the type of material used to make the bump stop. You can find your bump stops parallel to the shock’s piston rods. Here, the bump stop will offer more support to help the shocks absorb more impact when it gets to its limits.

Alternatively, some bump stops are installed between your car axle and frame. The idea behind placing the bump stops in between the axle and frame is to provide impact-absorbing ability when the axle is slamming into the frame. 

You may also see bump stops around the areas in the car where there’s a higher chance of metal-to-metal contact. Other areas you can find a bump stop include the shock shafts, control arms, or the vehicle dampers.

Final Thoughts

The bump stops are a great defense for your vehicle when your car’s suspension is at its low point. You have to rely on the bump stop once the suspension of your car bottoms out. You and the passengers will experience great pain and feel the impact of injury once the bump stop is missing, weak, or damaged. This is why you need to choose the recommended bump stop and keep it in great condition.   

From this article, you can see that the bump stop is a very vital aspect of your vehicle suspension. It helps make your driving experience excellent and comfortable while protecting the entire suspension system.